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Publication: Bass Matters
The Fall Turnover

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><> ><>       BASS MATTERS - September 20, 2006      ><> ><> 
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Hello Anglers,

For a crankbait to work correctly it must be tuned correctly.  
This simply means that it must run straight and the line 
must work with the lure's action. One way to see the tuning 
of a crankbait, is to retrieve it in a swimming pool and 
then watch carefully how it runs. 

If the lure is not running straight, bend the eye slightly in 
the direction you want the lure to run. Continue to do this 
until the lure runs absolutely straight. 

After you have the lure running straight, watch the wobble 
carefully. If the wobble appears awkward or sloppy in anyway 
switch to a larger slip ring or try using a loop knot in the 
line. 

P.S. You can discuss this issue or any other topic in the new 
Bass Matters forum. Check it out here...

Bass Matters Forum

Enjoy a week of fishing!
Brock
email Brock


The Fall Turnover
From Extreme Bass Lures

During the summer, lake water stratifies into three zones. 
The epilimnion, or upper layer, is the warmest and contains 
the greatest amount of dissolved oxygen. The thermocline, or 
middle layer, is lower in temperature and dissolved oxygen. 
The hypolimnion, or lower layer, has the coolest temperature 
and least (perhaps little or no) dissolved oxygen. 

Because of the low oxygen levels and the decaying matter at 
the bottom of many lakes, most gamefish avoid the lower 
layer or at least the deeper parts of it. In the fall, when 
the average air temperature is lower than the water's 
surface, the temperature in the upper zone declines and mix-
ing takes place. 

Cold water is denser than warm water, so newly cooled 
surface water sinks to deeper levels. This causes a mixing 
of the water throughout the zones, and eventually the zones 
disappear. When the water column mixes completely, the 
temperature is virtually the same from top to bottom. This 
phenomenon is the actual turnover. Complete mixing may take 
several weeks to occur, or it may occur very quickly. A 
severe cold front can drop surface temperature dramatically, 
perhaps even 10 degrees in virtually a day's time; this 
hastens turnover. 

There is a disagreement as to whether wind plays a role in 
turnover. Although wind doesn't cause turnover, some 
biologists say that wind aids the mixing. In any case, the 
mixing often causes new turbidity in the water for a while. 
You may also notice suspended leaves and other matter in the
water, the result of decaying bottom matter that was in the 
lower zone being dispersed through all levels.

FISH ON THE MOVE

Once a lake has stabilized after the turnover, fishing 
improves markedly. With the water now cooling down, bass 
move out of deeper water and into the shallows where they 
are more accessible to anglers. This is especially notice-
able in large southern lakes and warm summer surface 
temperatures. 

Nutrient or plankton dispersal caused by turnover stimulates 
baitfish activity, and all fish will be feeding actively to 
build energy reserves for the approaching winter. Also, bass 
are more likely to be active throughout the day due to less 
potent sunlight. With all these factors working in the 
angler's favor, the post turnover can be an excellent time 
to catch bass.

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But you must do more than simply rush into the shallows and 
start fishing any available cover. Shallow cover near deep 
water is particularly worthwhile, especially if it is 
abundant or thick. Various types of plants, like reeds, 
milfoil, lily pads, and hydrilla, provide good places to 
fish and will hold bass until they start to decay and turn 
brown. You should also fish creeks and coves, since bass 
often follow bait there. 

Start at the mouth and fish your way farther in. Points at 
the edge of, or leading into, these places are often very 
productive, as they serve to funnel bait. Main lake points 
also see the passage of many fish, and they're even better 
if they're near deep water. If the lake has not yet fully 
stabilized, don't overlook deeper water since fish may be 
roaming. Trolling is an effective technique if fish are 
scattered, so don't be afraid to give it a shot.

LARGE LURES: Often water becomes clearer after the fall 
turnover, so when selecting lures, go for a natural looking 
appearance. Plug patterns that resemble shad (or alewife or
shiner), bluegills, yellow perch, or crayfish, depending on 
the environment, are good bets instead of more exotic lures. 
These patterns are especially productive if they have a 
sparkling or glittering appearance to produce flash that 
suggests a moving baitfish. Baitfish are generally big this 
time of year, so this is a good opportunity to fish larger 
lures. 

Try plugs that weigh 1/3 to1/2 ounce and minnow plugs that 
are 4 to 6 inches long. Minnow bodied plugs that float and
dive work well as surface lures, especially for morning 
fishing, and suspending models are good for subsurface stop 
and go twitching, Popping or chugging surface plugs are 
likewise effective, especially in lakes with lots of bait-
fish activity. If bass are active, you can use fast moving 
lures. Crankbaits are great for fall fishing; midrange 
divers are standard, though some places and situations will 
call for deep runners. But if bass aren't active, or when 
the action slows, turn to slower and more careful present-
ations. 

Soft jerkbaits (single or twin tailed soft bodies) fished in 
a slow, subsurface twitching motion work well around 
submerged like grass, brush, and stumps, often catching fish 
that ignore faster retrieved lures. While spinnerbaits that 
are slow rolled over objects or dropped along deeper edges 
of cover may be productive at this time, another good choice 
would be crankbaits and jigs. Try a jig and pig where the 
bank is steep, especially if lined with rocks or logs or 
treetops near deeper water. If bass are shallow but in thick 
cover, a flipped or pitched jig is prime. Fish it around 
docks, pilings, and blinds.

SPRING TURNOVER: Turnover is sometimes a spring phenomenon, 
although only in northern lakes. Calling what happens in 
spring a turnover is a bit of a stretch; it often does not 
have the same water disturbing effect as fall turnover. In 
frozen lakes, water directly beneath the ice is nearly 32 
degrees and dense. When longer days and warmer air tempera-
ture melt the ice, the densest water sinks, the wind helps 
mix the water, and the water column becomes a uniform 
temperature. Soon surface water and shallow areas warm 
quickly and become very attractive to fish.

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        GopherCentral's Question of the Week
        
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Question of the Week

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                  FISHING JOKES CORNER
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Four married guys go fishing. After an hour, the following 
conversation took place. 

First guy: "You have no idea what I had to do to be able to 
come out fishing this weekend. I had to promise my wife that 
I will paint every room in the house next weekend." 

Second guy: "That's nothing, I had to promise my wife that 
I will build her a new deck for the pool." 

Third guy: " Man, you both have it easy! I had to promise my 
wife that I will remodel the kitchen for her." 

They continue to fish when they realized that the fourth guy
has not said a word. "You haven't said anything about what 
you had to do to be able to come fishing this weekend.
What's the deal?" 

Fourth guy: " I just set my alarm for 5:30 am. When it went 
off, I shut off my alarm, gave the wife a nudge and said, 
"Fishing or Sex" and she said, " Wear a Sweater." 

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Questions? Comments? email: mailto:brock@gophercentral.com
Email brock
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