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Publication: Internet Tutor
Quirks Mode

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                    THE INTERNET TUTOR
                      April 27, 2006 

This week...
- Webmaster Tip: Quirks Mode
- Surfin' the Web: Reporting from Iraq
- Software Spotlight: Ponderation
- The Oddball Wall: The Word Nerd
- Computer Tip: Color Schemes
I told you last week about the new greeting I used on my 
answering machine. Because I often do use an off-the-wall 
greeting, I sometimes get off-the-wall messages left for 
me. Here's one my fishing buddy left for me:
"Are you really not there? If you're home pick up, it's 
important. If you're not home hurry up and get home and 
return my call. Hello? Pick up, please. Come on, it's 
important! Pick up. Pick up. You don't like pick ups? All 
right then, Cadillac. How about Thunderbird? OK, I guess 
you're not home. Never mind, it wasn't important anyway."

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Note: In code examples I add a period after each left arrow 
bracket so the code can be viewed in all e-mail programs. 
If you copy and paste, be sure to remove the periods or it 
won't work.
Question: I was reading about web design and the writer made 
a passing reference to a browser's quirks mode. What the 
heck is that?
Simon Says: When Microsoft and Netscape began implementing 
CSS into their version 4 browsers, the CSS support fell 
woefully short of the W3C standards. Microsoft and Netscape 
were exposed for what every webmaster already knew -- they 
had both always been non-compliant in many areas of code 
reading and rendering.
Because of browser non-compliance to standards, webmasters 
often had to use CSS and even HTML in unintended ways to 
work around the browser quirks in order to force them to 
display reasonably well in both Netscape and Internet 
Because of a rising chorus of complaints from web developers 
and standards writers, browser vendors were finally forced 
to upgrade their browsers to be compliant. This was the 
beginning of the end of the browser wars era.
This new spirit of compliance in moving closer to the W3C 
standards posed a tricky problem though. Many web sites 
would be "broken" to various degrees because of the non-
standard coding they were forced to use in working around 
the poor CSS support browsers offered.
So, in a moment of clarity, browser vendors opted for dual 
support. One would be standards compliant and the other, 
the quirks mode, would be used for non-compliant web sites.
To determine which mode to use, compliant web pages used a 
DOCTYPE that would tell the browser which standard to use. 
Web pages without a DOCTYPE would be rendered in quirks mode. 
Even today, years later, many, if not most web sites, are 
still rendered in quirks mode. Good thing too, or many web 
sites would look quite the mess.

There you go, that's how the murky quirks mode works.

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SURFIN' THE WEB - Reporting from Iraq

Steffan Tubbs is a news reporter for KOA radio in Denver. 
He was recently in Iraq as an embedded reporter. You can 
read his reports and view photographs, as well as send 
email to some soldiers that would like to hear from folks 
back in the states.

This will give you a little different perspective from what 
you see on the television news shows.


          GopherCentral's Question of the Week
Do you believe members of the Duke Lacrosse team raped the 
dancer at the party?

 Please share your opinion, visit: The Question of the Week


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If you like the quotes I use to sign off with in this ezine, 
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Note: I do not provide support for the featured software. 
Contact the software vendor for support. No warranty is 
made or implied as to the usefulness or appropriateness of 
featured software.


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Well, it's time once again to make you smarter! I'm going to 
fire up the old vocabulary builder quiz again because the 
place I go to find out what happened on this date in history 
has been captured by aliens from the planet Foobledripper...
either that or the site is down.
For each entry choose the answer that most closely reflects 
the meaning of the word given...and be danged happy I gave 
you choices!
1) Grange
a. cattle feed   b. an outlying farm   c. grasslands
2) Colloquy
a. slang   b. gibberish   c. formal conversation
3) Insurmountable
a. unbeatable   b. uppermost   c. indifferent
4) Pedantic
a. donnish   b. dangling   c. intriguing
5) Cantankerous
a. unwilling to cooperate   b. impish   c. confusing
6) Gingerly
a. lively   b. lovingly   c. cautiously
7) Posh
a. dirty   b. cheap   c. elegant
8) Retrospective
a. spiritual   b. concerned with the past   c. introverted
And now for a real rubby mucket...
9) Gaberlunzie
a. a yakking woman   b. a beggar   c. a malcontent
Answers below, here's the scoring:
9 correct: Perfection!
7-8 correct: Outstanding
5-6 correct: Very Good
2-4 correct: Fairly Fair
0-1 correct: Turn the TV off.
1) b. an outlying farm
2) c. formal conversation
3) a. unbeatable
4) a. donnish
5) a. unwilling to cooperate
6) c. cautiously
7) c. elegant
8) b. concerned with the past
9) b. a beggar

COMPUTER TIPS - Color Schemes
If you've noticed, I write about all kinds of different 
things. One might say I have a broad range of interests, 
or you might say I get bored easily.
Either way, I often change the color scheme of my computer 
a) I have broad range of color interests, or...
b) I get bored easily.
To change your computer's color scheme:
1) Right-click a blank spot on your desktop.
2) Choose Properties from the pop-up menu.
3) Choose the Appearance tab on the Display Properties dialog.
From here you can choose preset color schemes or create and 
save your own schemes item by item by selecting the various 
components of your display from the "Item" drop-down menu. 
Pay attention to the color and size options on the right side 
for each item you select. When they become "active", you can 
change that setting, otherwise they are grayed out if they 
cannot be changed.
When it comes to color, you don't have to settle for a solid 
color either. You can choose to have some items fade from one 
color to another. That's what I do, because:
a) I have broad range of color interests, or...
b) I get bored easily.
Disclaimer: Advice in this column is presented as informational
and is true to the best of my knowledge. Any decisions to follow
this advice is your responsibility. Your computer, your choice.

Until next week, remember these words of Washington Irving: 
Great minds have purposes, others have wishes.
Bonus Quote: This is the true joy in life...being a force of 
nature instead of a feverish, selfish little clod of ailments 
and grievances complaining that the world will not devote 
itself to making you happy. --George Bernard Shaw

Have an interesting day, Simon

Questions? Comments? Email me at: tutor@gophercentral.com


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